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Hopkins, Stephen - Historia

Hopkins, Stephen - Historia


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Stephen Hopkins föddes i Providence, Rhode Island 1707. Han fick en medelmåttig utbildning medan han växte upp, men detta hindrade honom inte från att engagera sig i politik mycket tidigt i livet. Från och med 1731, när han bara var tjugofyra år gammal, innehade han många positioner, allt från stadstjänsteman, kommunfullmäktiges ordförande, fredsdomare, rättvisa och kontorist vid Providence County Court of Common Appeals, lagstiftare och talare av huset. Ungefär tio år senare växte hans framgångar i näringslivet när han öppnade ett handelsföretag med sin bror.

Ledaren för en radikal fraktion på Rhode Island, Hopkins var inblandad i en lång strid med de konservativa i hans stat. Han är dessutom känd för sitt starka motstånd mot slaveri. År 1774 antog faktiskt Rhode Island ett lagförslag som han skrev - en av USA: s första lagar mot slaveri.

Medan han deltog i kontinentalkongressen, där han tjänstgjorde från 1774 till 1776, hjälpte Hopkins till att utarbeta förbundsartiklarna och tjänstgjorde i den kommitté som var ansvarig för utvecklingen av kontinentala flottan. Han förblev också aktiv i Rhode Islands korrespondenskommitté, såväl i dess lagstiftare som vid överdomstolen.

På grund av dålig hälsa tvingades Hopkins lämna kongressen i september 1776, bara en månad efter att han hade undertecknat självständighetsförklaringen. Han fortsatte att tjäna sin stat under året som följde och deltog till och med vid flera politiska konventioner i New England. År 1780 lämnade han dock politiken tillsammans. Han dog fem hörs senare i en ålder av sjuttioåtta och begravdes i Providence North Burial Ground.


Hopkins, Stephen - Historia

1581 b. 30 april Upper Clatford, Hampshire, Eng.
1603 ca. m. Mary ____ Hampshire, Eng. (prob.)
1604 b. dau. Elizabeth bp. 13 mar, Hursley, Hampshire, Eng.
1606 b. dau. Constance bp. 11 maj, Hursley, Hampshire, Eng.
1607/8 b. sonen Giles bp. 30 jan., Hursley, Hampshire, Eng.
1609 Sea Venture Sails 2 juni, lämnar Plymouth, Eng. (Prob.)
1609 Storm 24 juli, måndag (prob.)
1609 Bermuda skeppsvrak/landning 28 juli, fredag ​​(prob.)
1610 Myteri 24 jan. (Prob.)
1610 om befrielse eller tålamod, seglar till Jamestown, 10 maj (prob.)
1613 begravde Mary (?) Hopkins Hursley, Hampshire, Eng. 9 maj (prob)
1613-17 ca. Återvänd till England (prob.)
1617 Bosätter sig i ett hem strax utanför East Wall of London (prob.)
1617/18 m. Elizabeth (Fisher?) 9 februari, St. Mary Matfellon, Whitechapel, London (prob.)
1618 ca. b. dau. Damaris, England
1620 seglar Mayflower till Amerika från Plymouth, Eng., 6 sep.
1620 f. son Oceanus, ombord på Mayflower
1620 Signs Mayflower Compact Provincetown, Cape Cod, 11 nov.
1620 En av 10 pilgrimer som deltog i första mötet med amerikanska infödingar, Cape Cod, 6 dec.
1620 anländer Mayflower till Plymouth Harbour, 16 dec.
1620 Började bygga gemensamt hus, 29 dec.
1621 Skickat med Myles Standish för att träffa amerikanska infödingar, 17 jan.
1621 Samoset tillbringar natten med Hopkins -familjen, mar.
1621 Hopkins, Winslow och Squanto besöker Massasoit, 12 juli.
1623 f. son Caleb, Plymouth
1626 f. dau. Deborah, Plymouth
1628 f. dau. Damaris, Plymouth
1630 f. dau. Ruth, Plymouth
1632 f. Elizabeth, Plymouth
1644 Will görs 6 juni.
1644 inventering av hans gods togs 17 jul.


Hopkins historia, familjevapen och vapen

Historien om namnet Hopkins börjar med de anglosaxiska stammarna i Storbritannien. Det härrör från namnet Hobb, en husdjursform av det personliga namnet Robert. Detta namn kompletterades med det vanliga diminutiva suffixet -släkt. Således var den ursprungliga formen av efternamnet Hopkins Hobbe-kin. [1]

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Hopkins familjens tidiga ursprung

Efternamnet Hopkins hittades först i Oxfordshire i Swalcliffe där en familj med detta namn har bott sedan 1200 -talet och hade nitton ägare som hade det personliga namnet John. [1]

Det tidigaste namnet hittades dock i den latinska formen av Hobekinus i Curia Regis Rolls of Staffordshire 1224. William Hobkyn och Richard Hobkyn listades båda i Subcidy Rolls of Worcestershire 1327, medan Subsidi Rolls of Staffordshire of samma år lista William Hopkyn och John Hopkynes. [2]

Hundredorum Rolls från 1273 listar Nicholas Hobekyn och Roger Hobekyn i Cambridgeshire och senare Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls från 1379 listade Agnes Hobkyn-wyf. [3]

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Tidig historia om Hopkins -familjen

Denna webbsida visar bara ett litet utdrag av vår Hopkins -forskning. Ytterligare 72 ord (5 rader text) som täcker åren 1563, 1626, 1570, 1544, 1594, 1563, 1600, 1657, 1581, 1644, 1620, 1620, 1627, 1612, 1682, 1660, 1647, 1644, 1690, 1681, 1690, 1664, 1700 och 1664 ingår under ämnet Early Hopkins History i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter där så är möjligt.

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Hopkins stavningsvarianter

Det engelska språket blev bara standardiserat under de senaste århundradena, därför är stavningsvariationer vanliga bland tidiga anglosaxiska namn. När formen på det engelska språket förändrades, till och med stavningen av skrivkunniga personers namn utvecklades. Hopkins har spelats in under många olika variationer, inklusive Hopkins, Habbagan, Hopkin, Hopkines, Hopkyns och många fler.

Tidiga anmärkningar från Hopkins -familjen (före 1700)

Anmärkningsvärda för detta efternamn för närvarande inkluderar: John Hopkins (d. 1570), delöversättare, med Thomas Sternhold m.fl., av den berömda metriska versionen av Psalmerna, blev godkänd B.A. i Oxford 1544. [4] Richard Hopkins (d. 1594?), var en katolsk landsflyktig, född av '' snälla föräldrar '' och blev vid ungefär sjutton års ålder en vanlig i St. Alban's Hall, Oxford, där han var bosatt 1563. [4] Edward Hopkins (1600-1657), var en engelsk kolonist, politiker och guvernör i Connecticut-kolonin, grundare av New Haven och Connecticut-kolonierna, politiskt aktiv i administrationen av Oliver Cromwell. Stephen Hopkins (ca 1581-1644), var en.
Ytterligare 134 ord (10 rader text) ingår under ämnet Early Hopkins Notables i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter där så är möjligt.

Migration av familjen Hopkins till Irland

Några av Hopkins -familjen flyttade till Irland, men detta ämne behandlas inte i detta utdrag.
Ytterligare 182 ord (13 rader text) om deras liv i Irland ingår i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter där så är möjligt.

Hopkins migration +

Några av de första nybyggarna av detta efternamn var:

Hopkins Settlers i USA på 1600 -talet
  • Stephen Hopkins, som landade i Bermuda 1609-1610 [5]
  • Oceanus Hopkins, som föddes på väg till Plymouth, Massachusetts 1620 ombord på & quotMayflower & quot [5]
  • Stephen Hopkins och hans fru, Elizabeth från Hampshire, som anlände till Plymouth, Massachusetts ombord på & quotMayflower & quot år 1620
  • Constance Hopkins, som landade i Plymouth, Massachusetts 1620 ombord på & quotMayflower & quot [5]
  • Damaris Hopkins, som anlände till Plymouth, Massachusetts 1620 ombord på & quotMayflower & quot [5]
  • . (Mer finns i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter när det är möjligt.)
Hopkins Settlers i USA på 1700 -talet
  • Rice Hopkins, som landade i Virginia 1718 [5]
  • Lottice Hopkins, som landade i Carolina 1724 [5]
  • Christopher Hopkins, som landade i New England 1778 [5]
  • Francis Hopkins, som anlände till Amerika 1782 [5]
  • Charles Hopkins, som anlände till Virginia 1786 [5]
  • . (Mer finns i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter när det är möjligt.)
Hopkins Settlers i USA på 1800 -talet
  • Jenny Hopkins, som landade i Amerika 1805 [5]
  • Jane Hopkins, som landade i Amerika 1805 [5]
  • Ruth Hopkins, som landade i Amerika 1805 [5]
  • Abraham Hopkins, som landade i Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania 1810 [5]
  • John Hopkins, som landade i Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania 1811 [5]
  • . (Mer finns i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter när det är möjligt.)

Hopkins migration till Kanada +

Några av de första nybyggarna av detta efternamn var:

Hopkins Settlers i Kanada på 1700 -talet
  • Mary Hopkins, som landade i Nova Scotia 1750
  • Elisha Hopkins, som landade i Nova Scotia 1760
  • Kapten Silas Hopkins U.E. som bosatte sig i Kanada c. 1784 [6]
  • Mr Silas Hopkins Sr., U.E. som bosatte sig i hemdistriktet [York County], Ontario c. 1784 [6]
Hopkins Settlers i Kanada på 1800 -talet
  • David M Hopkins, som landade i Kanada 1832
  • Walter Hopkins, som anlände till Saint John, New Brunswick ombord på skeppet & quot Eleanor Gordon & quot 1834
  • Eliza Hopkins, 6 år, som anlände till Saint John, New Brunswick ombord på skeppet & quotEleanor Gordon & quot 1834
  • Miss Ann Hopkins, 15 år gammal som immigrerade till Kanada, anlände till Grosse Isle Quarantine Station i Quebec ombord på skeppet & quot Free Trader & quot avgår från hamnen i Liverpool, England men dog på Grosse Isle i augusti 1847 [7]
  • Mr. Anthony Hopkins, 30 år som immigrerade till Kanada, anlände till Grosse Isle Quarantine Station i Quebec ombord på skeppet & quotSisters & quot avgår från hamnen i Liverpool, England men dog på Grosse Isle i juli 1847 [7]
  • . (Mer finns i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter när det är möjligt.)
Hopkins Settlers i Kanada på 1900 -talet
  • Alf Hopkins, som anlände till Saint John, New Brunswick 1907
  • Emily Hopkins, som landade i Saint John, New Brunswick 1907

Hopkins migration till Australien +

Emigrationen till Australien följde de första flottorna av dömda, handlare och tidiga nybyggare. Tidiga invandrare inkluderar:

Hopkins Settlers i Australien på 1800 -talet
  • Herr Patrick Hopkins, irländsk fånge som dömdes i Roscommon, Irland i sju år, transporterades ombord på & quotAtlas & quot den 29 november 1801 och anlände till New South Wales, Australien [8]
  • Alexander Hopkins, brittisk dömd som dömdes i Kent, England i 7 år, transporterades ombord på & quotCalcutta & quot i februari 1803 och anlände till New South Wales, Australien [9]
  • John Hopkins, engelsk fängelse från Surrey, som transporterades ombord på & quotAnn & quot i augusti 1809, bosatte sig i New South Wales, Australien [10]
  • James Hopkins, engelsk dömd från Worcester, som transporterades ombord på & quotArab & quot den 3 juli 1822 och bosatte sig i Van Diemens land, Australien [11]
  • Samuel Hopkins, engelsk fängelse från Gloucester, som transporterades ombord på & quotAsia & quot den 29 juli 1823, bosatte sig i Van Diemens land, Australien [12]
  • . (Mer finns i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter när det är möjligt.)

Hopkins migration till Nya Zeeland +

Emigrationen till Nya Zeeland följde i de europeiska upptäcktsresande fotspår, som kapten Cook (1769-70): först kom sälare, valfångare, missionärer och handlare. År 1838 hade det brittiska Nya Zeelandska företaget börjat köpa mark från maori -stammarna och sälja det till nybyggare, och efter Waitangi -fördraget 1840 gav sig många brittiska familjer ut på den hårda sexmånadersresan från Storbritannien till Aotearoa för att börja ett nytt liv. Tidiga invandrare inkluderar:

Hopkins Settlers i Nya Zeeland på 1800 -talet
  • Frederick Hopkins, som anlände till Wellington, Nya Zeeland ombord på skeppet & quot Alfred The Great & quot 1859
  • Eliza Marian Hopkins, som anlände till Nelson, Nya Zeeland ombord på skeppet & quotGolconda & quot 1859
  • Mr. William Hopkins, (f. 1835), 25 år, brittisk gruvarbetare som reser från Bristol ombord på skeppet & quotMatoaka & quot anländer till Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, Nya Zeeland den 2 december 1860 [13]
  • Mrs Sarah Ann Hopkins, (f. 1837), 23 år, brittisk nybyggare som reser från Bristol ombord på skeppet & quotMatoaka & quot anländer till Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, Nya Zeeland den 2 december 1860 [13]
  • John Hopkins, som anlände till Auckland, Nya Zeeland ombord på skeppet & quotNimroud & quot 1860
  • . (Mer finns i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter när det är möjligt.)

Samtida anmärkningar med namnet Hopkins (post 1700) +

  • Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins CBE (f. 1937), WelshAcademy Award-vinnande och trefaldiga BAFTA-prisbelönta skådespelare för film, scen och tv, samt en kompositör och målare, blev medlem av British Academy of Film and Television Arts 2008
  • Johns Hopkins (1795-1873), rika amerikanska entreprenör, filantrop och avskaffande, eponym för Johns Hopkins Hospital och Johns Hopkins University
  • Esther Arvilla Harrison Hopkins (1926-2021), amerikansk kemist och miljöadvokat
  • Shirley Knight Hopkins (1936-2020), amerikanska Tony Award och Golden Globe Award-vinnande skådespelerska som medverkade i mer än 50 långfilmer
  • Mrs Alison Kathryn Hopkins M.B.E., British Chief Executive for Accelerate Community Interest Company, utsågs till medlem i Order of the British Empire den 8 juni 2018 för tjänster till omvårdnad [14]
  • Stephen Tyng Hopkins (1849-1892), amerikansk politiker, USA: s representant från New York (1885-1886)
  • Elisha Gerald Hopkins (1935-2018), amerikansk journalist och författare som publicerade 37 böcker och över 1 000 tidningsartiklar
  • Linda Hopkins (1924-2017), född Melinda Helen Matthews, amerikansk skådespelerska och blues- och gospelsångare
  • Gayle Patrick Hopkins (1941-2016), amerikansk längdhoppare vid sommar-OS 1964
  • Robert M. & quotBob & quot Hopkins (1934-2015), amerikansk basketspelare och tränare
  • . (Ytterligare 10 anmärkningar finns tillgängliga i alla våra PDF Extended History -produkter och tryckta produkter där så är möjligt.)

Historiska händelser för Hopkins -familjen +

HMS Repulse
  • James Hopkins, brittisk Ordnance Coder, som seglade i strid på HMS Repulse och överlevde den sjunkande [15]
RMS Lusitania
  • Herr Patrick Hopkins, irländsk brandman från Castlebar, Mayo, Irland, som arbetade ombord på RMS Lusitania och dog i sjunkande [16]
  • Fröken Alice Eliza Hopkins, amerikansk 2: a klasspassagerare från Boston, Massachusetts, USA, som seglade ombord på RMS Lusitania och dog i sjunkande och återhämtade sig [16]
  • Fröken Kate Mary Hopkins, amerikansk 2: a klass passagerare från Boston, Massachusetts, USA, som seglade ombord på RMS Lusitania och dog i sjunkande och återhämtade sig [16]
  • David Thomas Hopkins, walisisk andra klasspassagerare från Wales, som seglade ombord på RMS Lusitania och dog i den sjunkande [16]
  • Albert Lloyd Hopkins, amerikansk 1: a klasspassagerare från New York, New York, USA, som seglade ombord på RMS Lusitania och dog i sjunkande och återhämtade sig [16]
RMS Titanic
  • F. Hopkins (d. 1912), 16 år, English Plate Steward från Southampton, Hampshire som arbetade ombord på RMS Titanic och dog i sjunkande [17]
  • Robert John Hopkins, 40 år, engelska Able Seaman från Southampton, Hampshire som arbetade ombord på RMS Titanic och överlevde den sjunkande flykten på livbåt 13 [17]
USS Arizona
  • Herr Homer David Hopkins, amerikansk sjömans första klass från Michigan, USA som arbetade ombord på fartyget & quotUSS Arizona & quot; när hon sjönk under den japanska attacken mot Pearl Harbor den 7 december 1941, han dog i den sjunkande [18]

Relaterade berättelser +

Hopkins Motto +

Mottoet var ursprungligen ett krigsrop eller slagord. Mottor började först visas med vapen under 1300- och 1400 -talen, men användes inte för allmänheten förrän på 1600 -talet. Således innehåller de äldsta vapnen i allmänhet inte ett motto. Mottor är sällan en del av beviljandet av vapen: Under de flesta heraldiska myndigheter är ett motto en valfri del av vapenskölden och kan läggas till eller ändras efter behag många familjer har valt att inte visa ett motto.

Motto: Inter primos
Översättning av mottot: Bland de första.


Stephen Hopkins: undertecknarna av självständighetsförklaringen

Stephen Hopkins anses vara den största statsmannen i Rhode Islands historia. När han gick till den andra kontinentalkongressen och undertecknade självständighetsförklaringen blev han redan äldre och hade en lång och imponerande karriär inom både näringsliv och politik bakom sig. Detta är hans historia.

Dela med sig:

Stephen Hopkins föddes i mars 1707 i Providence, Rhode Island. Han var det andra av nio barn som föddes till William Hopkins och Ruth Wilkinson. Hans farfar, William Hopkins, var framträdande i koloniala angelägenheter på Rhode Island och tjänstgjorde i mer än fyra decennier i en mängd olika politiska positioner i kolonin. Hans farmor, Abigail Whipple, var dotter till en framstående Providence -nybyggare, en syster till en förmögen Providencehandlare och faster till en biträdande kolonialguvernör på Rhode Island. Hans farfars farfar, Thomas Hopkins, var en första generationens invandrare från England, som kom över 1635 som föräldralöst barn med sin farbror, William Arnold (av familjen Arnold som Benedict Arnold från revolutionskrigets berömmelse så småningom kom).

Som barn bodde Stephen i ett skogsområde i Providence som kallades Chopmist Hill. Detta område blev senare Scituate, Rhode Island. Denna plats hade inga skolor, men utbildning var viktig för Stefans familj. De ägde en stor samling böcker, vilket var en lyx och ett tecken på rikedom på den tiden, och Stephen blev en duktig självlärd forskare genom att läsa dem. Det fanns också en liten lokal samling av böcker som Stephen använde i sin självutbildning. Faktum är att han var så samvetsgrann att studera, att även i ung ålder anmärkte folk på hans engagemang för att fylla sin fritid med att läsa och studera de vuxna männens sätt att leva runt honom.

Förutom sin självlärda vetenskapliga utbildning lärde Stephen sig att undersöka mark från sin morfar, Samuel Wilkinson. Stephen använde denna färdighet för att skapa en karta över Scituate och senare för Providence. På grund av hans ansvar och tillförlitlighet från barndomen gav hans far honom med sjuttio hektar mark när han bara var nitton år gammal, och hans farfar gav honom ytterligare nittio hektar för att starta honom i livet.

Stephen var intresserad av vetenskap, särskilt astronomi. När planeten Venus korsade solens yta den 3 juni 1769 var Stephen med och spårade den. En lokal man vid namn Joseph Brown hade en komplett uppsättning instrument för att observera planetens transitering, och ett observatorium byggdes på en lokal kulle (som senare hette Transit Street). Brown fick hjälp att spåra Venus transit av en liten grupp män och pojkar i området som var intresserade av vetenskap, och i den gruppen ingick Stephen.

Efter en robust självutbildning började Stephen ett liv i public service vid tjugotre år. Hans första tjänst för public service var som fredsdomare i den nya staden Scituate, Rhode Island. Han blev senare rättvisa för Inferior Court of Common Pleas. Andra befattningar han innehade tidigt är bland annat talmannen i parlamentet och ordförande i Scituate Town Council. Förutom dessa offentliga ansvar han tog på, ägde Stephen också en del av ett järngjuteri och var en framgångsrik köpman. Faktum är att Stefans yrkesverksamhet inspirerade en målare vid namn John Greenwood att presentera Stephen i sin satiriska målning, Sea Captains Carousing i Surinam.

Sea Captains Carousing i Surinam (Saint Louis Art Museum)

Stephen utsågs till rättvisa för högsta domstolen i Rhode Island i maj 1747 och tjänstgjorde där fram till maj 1749. Han fungerade som överdomare igen från maj 1751 till maj 1755. Efter detta valdes han till guvernör för kolonin Rhode Island. Detta var hans första val till den rollen, och han fortsatte att fungera som kolonialguvernör av och på i nio av de kommande femton åren.

Stephen, som de flesta politiker, hade en politisk rival. Hans rival fick namnet Samuel Ward. Rivaliteten mellan de två handlade om valuta. Det fanns två läger på den tiden - de som trodde att guld- och silvermynt (hård valuta) borde vara den enda typen som användes, och de som trodde att pappersvaluta var ett bra alternativ. Stephen var på sidan av pappersvalutan, och Samuel stödde hård valuta. Rivaliteten mellan dem blev så omtvistad att den distraherade från den koloniala regeringens arbete. Som en kompromiss, när de insåg distraktionen, gick båda männen överens om att inte ställa upp som guvernör 1768, och Josiah Lyndon valdes till det ämbetet.

Stephen var överdomare vid Rhode Islands högsta domstol igen 1770, under vilken tid han engagerade sig i Gaspee -affären 1772. Detta var när en grupp arga medborgare från Rhode Island gick ombord på ett brittiskt inkomstfartyg och brände ner det medan det var i vattnet. Vid den här tiden var Stephen så känd och respekterad av medborgarna på Rhode Island att han valdes till den första kontinentala kongressen 1774. Rhode Island tilldelades två delegater till kongressen och Stefans rival, Samuel Ward, var en annan.

Samuel var redan en förespråkare av frihetsorsaken och hade till och med publicerat en broschyr om den. Han valdes att delta i den andra kontinentalkongressen efter att ha deltagit i den första, och det var på den andra kontinentalkongressen som han blev undertecknare av självständighetsförklaringen.

Intressant nog var Stephen en av de äldre delegaterna till kongressen vid den här tiden, och hans händer skakade av pares när det var hans tur att underteckna förklaringen. Det historiska dokumentet säger att när han gick för att underteckna dokumentet sa han: "Min hand darrar, men mitt hjärta gör det inte."

Stephen avgick från kontinentalkongressen i september 1776 på grund av hans dåliga hälsa vid den tiden. Efter att ha lämnat kongressen blev han en backer, och senare den första kanslern, vid College of the English Colony of Rhode Island och Providence Plantations - som senare döptes om till Brown University.

Stephen dog 1785 i Providence, Rhode Island vid sjuttioåtta år, och begravdes i North Burial Ground där. Många har kallat honom - och kallar honom fortfarande - den största statsmannen i Rhode Islands historia.

När det gäller hans personliga liv gifte Stephen sig med en kvinna som hette Sarah Scott 1726. Sarah var från en Quaker -familj, och Stephen konverterade till den tron ​​på grund av hans äktenskap med henne. Tillsammans fick de sju barn, varav fem överlevde barndomen. Sarah dog i september 1753 vid fyrtiosex år gammal. Stephen gifte om sig med Anne Smith, som han inte hade några barn med.


Stephen Hopkins, "Mayflower" och "Passagerare

Stephen Hopkins (1581 – juni eller juli 1644), född april 1581, var passagerare på Mayflower 1620, en av 41 undertecknare av Mayflower Compact och assistent för guvernören i Plymouth Colony till 1636. Han arbetade som garver och handelsman och rekryterades av Company of Merchant Adventurers i London för att tillhandahålla styrningen för kolonin och för att hjälpa till med kolonins satsningar. Han var den enda Mayflower -passageraren med tidigare erfarenhet av New World, efter att ha havarat i Bermuda 1609 och anlände till Jamestown, Virginia i maj 1610. Hopkins lämnade Jamestown 1614 och återvände till England. En rapport om vraket av Sea Venture och senare händelser nådde England. De flesta forskare tror att William Shakespeare baserade sin pjäs Stormen på rapporten.

Även om han hade genomgått alla slags svårigheter och prövningar i den nya världen, inklusive skeppsbrott, dömts till döden med en förlåtelse i sista minuten och reste till Jamestown-kolonin där han arbetade i flera år, när han fick veta om den planerade Mayflower resa till norra Virginia för att etablera en koloni, skrev han på att åka till Amerika tillsammans med sin familj. Det första formella mötet med de infödda hölls i Hopkins hus, och han uppmanades att delta i tidiga pilgrimsbesök med de infödda ledaren Massasoit. Under åren har Hopkins hjälp till pilgrimsledare som Myles Standish och Edward Winslow angående hans kunskap om de lokala språken visat sig vara mycket användbar.

Stephen Hopkins dog någon gång mellan den 6 juni 1644 och den 17 juli samma år. Han upprättade sitt testamente den 6 juni 1644 och begärde att han skulle begravas bredvid sin avlidna fru, Elizabeth. Inventeringen gjordes den 17 juli 1644 och nämner hans avlidna fru hans söner Giles och Caleb hans döttrar Constance, Deborah, Damaris, Ruth och Elizabeth. Stephen Hopkins begravningsplats är okänd.

Familj

Caleb Johnson ’s webbplats har översikter över alla Mayflower -passagerare. Johnson är ansvarig för 1998 års forskning som hittade register från 1613 angående Hopkins första fru Marias begravning och skifte. Samtidigt hittades dopböckerna för hans första barn. Två var på Mayflower -resan. Johnson fortsätter att vägleda forskningsprojekt.

  • DOP: 30 april 1581 i Upper Clatford, Hampshire, England, son till John och Elizabeth (Williams) Hopkins.
  • FÖRSTA GIFTET: Mary, möjligen dotter till Robert och Joan (Machell) Kent of Hursley, co. Hampshire, före 1604.
  • ANDRA GIFTEN: Elizabeth Fisher den 19 februari 1617/8 i St. Mary Matfellon, Whitechapel, co. Middlesex, England.
  • Elizabeth (tros ha dött ung)
  • Constance (gift med Nicholas Snow) och
  • Giles (gift med Catherine Wheldon).
  • Damaris (dog ung),
  • Oceanus (dog ung),
  • Caleb (ogift),
  • Deborah (gift med Andrew Ring),
  • Damaris (gift med Jacob Cooke),
  • Ruth (tros vara ogift) och
  • Elizabeth (tros vara ogift).

Källa: “Här ska jag dö i land: Stephen Hopkins: Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor och Mayflower Pilgrim. ” Caleb Johnson. Xlibris Corporation, 20 nov 2007. Sida 243. GoogleBooks

Biografi

Stephen Hopkins var från Hampshire, England. Han gifte sig med sin första fru, Mary, och bodde i församlingen Hursley, Hampshire. Deras barn Elizabeth, Constance och Giles döptes där. Det har länge hävdats att Hopkins -familjen var från Wortley, Gloucester, men detta motbevisades 1998 med upptäckten av hans sanna ursprung i Hursley.

Stephen Hopkins åkte med fartyget Sea Venture på en resa till Jamestown, Virginia 1609 som minister, men skeppet förstörde i & quotIsle of Devils & quot (Bermuda). Strandsatta på en ö i tio månader överlevde passagerarna och besättningen på sköldpaddor, fåglar och vilda grisar. Sex månader in i kasten organiserade Stephen Hopkins och flera andra ett myteri mot den nuvarande guvernören. Myteriet upptäcktes och Stephen dömdes till döden. Han vädjade dock med sorg och tårar. & quotSå ångerfull var han, och fick så mycket stön och påstod ruin av sin fru och barn i detta hans intrång, som det skapade i hjärtat på alla bättre sorter av företaget & quot. Han lyckades få sitt straff att omvandlas.

Så småningom byggde kastarna ett litet skepp och seglade själva till Jamestown. Hur länge Stephen stannade kvar i Jamestown är inte känt. Men medan han var borta dog hans fru Mary. Hon begravdes i Hursley den 9 maj 1613 och lämnade efter sig ett testamente som nämner hennes barn Elizabeth, Constance och Giles. Stephen var tillbaka i England 1617, när han gifte sig med Elizabeth Fisher, men hade tydligen alla avsikter att ta tillbaka sin familj till Virginia. Deras första barn, Damaris, föddes cirka 1618. År 1620 tog Stephen Hopkins med sig sin fru och barn Constance, Giles och Damaris på Mayflower (barnet Elizabeth hade tydligen dött). Stephen var en ganska aktiv medlem i Pilgrim -gruppen strax efter ankomsten, kanske ett resultat av att han var en av få individer som tidigare varit i Virginia. Han var en del av alla tidiga utforskningsuppdrag och användes som en & quotexpert & quot på indianer under de första kontakterna. När Stephen var ute och utforskade kände han igen och identifierade en indisk hjortfälla. Och när Samoset gick in i Plymouth och välkomnade engelsmännen, bodde han i Stephen Hopkins hus för natten. Stephen skickades också på flera av ambassadörsuppdragen för att träffa de olika indiska grupperna i regionen.

Stephen var assistent för guvernören genom 1636 och erbjöd sig frivilligt för Pequot -kriget 1637 men kallades aldrig för att tjäna. I slutet av 1630 -talet började Stephen emellertid ibland kämpa mot myndigheterna i Plymouth, eftersom han tydligen öppnade en butik och serverade alkohol. 1636 hamnade han i slagsmål med John Tisdale och skadade honom allvarligt. 1637 fick han böter för att ha tillåtit dricka och spela shuffleboard på söndagen. Tidigt nästa år fick han böter för att han tillät människor att dricka för mycket i sitt hus: gäst William Reynolds fick böter, men de andra friades. År 1638 fick han två gånger böter för att sälja öl till dubbelt det verkliga värdet, och 1639 fick han böter för att sälja ett glas för dubbelt så mycket som det skulle kosta om det köptes i Bay Colony. Även 1638 blev Stephen Hopkins tjänarinna gravid av Arthur Peach, som sedan avrättades för att ha mördat en indian. Plymouth -domstolen beslutade att han var ekonomiskt ansvarig för henne och hennes barn under de kommande två åren (beloppet som återstår under hennes tjänstgöringstid). Stephen, i förakt för domstol, kastade Dorothy ut ur sitt hushåll och vägrade att försörja henne, så domstolen förbundit honom till vårdnad. John Holmes klev in och köpte Dorothys återstående två års tjänst av honom: gick med på att försörja henne och barnet.

Stephen dog 1644 och upprättade ett testamente, bad om att bli begravd nära sin fru och namngav hans överlevande barn.

Ursprung

För detaljerad forskning om Stephen Hopkins ursprung, se:

Caleb Johnson, & quot; The True Origins of Mayflower Passenger Stephen Hopkins, & quot The American Genealogist, 73 (1998): 161-171.

Se sidan 143 för artikel i Here Shall I Die Ashore, av Caleb Johnson, Pocketbok: 270 sidor Utgivare: Xlibris (20 november 2007) [https://books.google.com/books?id=rCBON29ATpsC&ampampprintsec=fro. Stephen Hopkins ’ -historia som börjar med att hitta dopböcker över tre barn och begravnings-/inventerings-/testamenteinformation om Stephen ’s fru, Mary, i Hursley, Hampshire, England från 1613. Förklarar andra journaler som hittades i Hampshire. Har historia från Bermuda/Jamestown -åren och om sitt liv i Plymouth. En snabb och enkel läsning baserad på dokumentation. Majoriteten av boken finns på GoogleBooks med en sökruta, men de flesta kommer att vilja få ett eget exemplar för snabb referens.

Med utgångspunkt i Johnson ’s team ’s forskning Ernest Martin Christensen, 2004, hittade det som för närvarande tros vara Stephen Hopkins ’ doprekord i Upper Clatford, Hampshire, England och äktenskapsprotokollet med hans troliga föräldrar John Hopkins och Elizabeth Williams och John ’s fastighetsinventering rapporterades den 4 september 1593. Elizabeth, hans änka, utsågs till medadministratör för hans dödsbo den 4 oktober 1593. Ernest M. Christensen, "The Probable Parentage of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower," The American Genealogist, 79 ( Oktober 2004): 241-249

Se även sidan 163 för denna artikel från 2004 i Here Shall I Die Ashore, av Caleb Johnson, Pocketbok: 270 sidor Utgivare: Xlibris (20 november 2007) https://books.google.com/books?id=rCBON29ATpsC&ampampprintsec=fro .

FORSKNING AV STEPHEN HOPKINS UPPGIFTER ’ TVÅ HUVOR MAYFLOWER KVARTALS artikel från Simon Neal 2012 som försöker hitta ursprung till Stephen ’s två kända fruar. “Mobile ” -versionen fungerar också på datorn.

Vänta tills den laddas, klicka eller tryck på den och rulla sedan till sidan 122 som är Bild 22/100. https://www.themayflowersociety.org/images/stories/quarterly/nov-ju.

26 sidor med källor från Hampshire om Mary ’s familj från London som kan vara släkt med Elizabeth Fisher, etc. Ingen slutsats om Elizabeth ’s ursprung. Bild 52/100 https://www.themayflowersociety.org/images/stories/quarterly/march2.

Vanliga fel och missuppfattningar

  • Se detaljer om var många av de vanliga felen kommer från: https://www.ancestry.com/boards/surnames.hopkins/5435/mb.ashx
  • Allt som skrivits om Stephen Hopkins koppling till föräldrar, eventuella morföräldrar, första fru, födelsedatum/plats, syskon och uppfödda barn före 1998 och/eller 2004 är fel, liksom alla gamla träd som kopierade det materialet som de flesta av Gröna bladtips verkar ha sammanställts från.
  • Hans Millennium -fil har fyra fel som förklaras här. Ancestry -prenumeration krävs: http://tinyurl.com/7hdaxtm
  • Fler missuppfattningar om Stephen Hopkins:
  • Nicolas Hopkins och Mary Poole/Poore/Poley är inte hans föräldrar.
  • Han var inte född i oktober 1580 eller 1581 i London, Wortley, Wotton eller Gloucester.
  • Han gifte sig inte med Constance Dudley.
  • Oceanus var inte det enda barnet som föddes ombord på Mayflower

Har fullständig berättelse (och uppdateringar efter 2007 års bok) och omfattande forskning från 2012 av Simon Neal om ursprunget till Stephen ’s troliga första fru, Mary (troligen Kent), och troliga andra fru, Elizabeth Fisher. Klipp nedan om hans kända barn.

Barn till Stephen Hopkins och hans fru Mary, döpta i församlingen Hursley, co. Hampshire, England:

  • Elizabeth Hopkins döptes den 13 mars 1603/04. Hon levde vid sin mors död 1613, men inget annat är känt om henne. Eftersom hon inte gick ombord på Mayflower med sin familj antas det att hon kan ha varit gift eller avliden. Author Caleb Johnson believes she had died prior to the Mayflower sailing. This theory is given credence by the fact that Hopkins and his second wife Elizabeth also had a daughter named Elizabeth, born about 1632.
  • Constance Hopkins was baptized on 11 May 1606 and died in Eastham, Plymouth Colony, in mid-October 1677. She was a Mayflower passenger in 1620. By 22 May 1627 she had married Nicholas Snow in Plymouth and had twelve children. Her husband was a passenger on the ship Anne in 1623 and died on 15 November 1676. Both Constance and Nicholas were probably buried in Cove Burying Ground, Eastham, where memorial plaques for each were placed in 1966 by descendants.
  • Giles Hopkins was baptized on 30 January 1607/08 and died in Eastham between 5 March 1688/9 and 16 April 1690. He was buried in Cove Burying Ground, Eastham. He was a Mayflower passenger in 1620. On 9 October 1639 he married Catherine Wheldon in Plymouth. Shortly thereafter they moved to Yarmouth, living there for about five years before moving to Eastham. De fick tio barn. Catherine was listed in his will (as "Catorne") but likely died sometime shortly after him.

Children of Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins:

  • Damaris (1) was born about 1618 in England and died young in Plymouth. Mayflower passenger.
  • Oceanus was born at sea on the Mayflower voyage in the fall of 1620. He died by 22 May 1627.
  • Caleb was born in Plymouth about 1624. He became a seaman and died at Barbados between 1644 and 1651.
  • Deborah was born in Plymouth about 1626 and died probably before 1674. She married Andrew Ring at Plymouth on 23 April 1646 and had six children.
  • Damaris (2) was born in Plymouth about 1627-8 and died in Plymouth between January 1665/6 and 18 November 1669. She married Jacob Cooke after 10 June 1646 and had seven children. Jacob was a son of Pilgrim Francis Cooke.
  • Ruth was born about 1630 and died in Plymouth between 30 November 1644 and spring 1651. She was unmarried.
  • Elizabeth was born in Plymouth about 1632 and probably died before 6 October 1659. She was unmarried.

Vidare läsning

  • A Stranger Among Saints: Stephen Hopkins, the Man Who Survived Jamestown and Saved Plymouth by Jonathan Mack
  • Always More Pilgrim Books – What’s Next? – A Bibliographical Survey .
  • Short history includes link to long narrative . which has dozens of images and an extensive Bibliography.
  • The English ancestry and homes of the Pilgrim Fathers who came to Plymouth on the "Mayflower" in 1620, the "Fortune" in 1621, and the "Anne" and the "Little James" in 1623. By Banks, Charles Edward, 1854-1931. 1965 https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt/search?q1=stephen%20hopkinsid=.
  • Long narrative and photos of Plymouth Plantation reenactments, photos and drawings of churches related to the family in England, images of Bradford’s history and the Mayflower Compact.
  • The Mayflower and Her Passengers By Caleb H. Johnson https://books.google.com/books?id=1UgA9-szARgC&ampampq=edward+ful. . Most of the chapter on Stephen Hopkins from GoogleBooks

FAG pages are not necessarily cemetery records. The �ts” presented on these pages are only as valid as the information the submitter used. Others can submit proposed changes or additions to the page and if the submitter hasn’t done their research they often post the erroneous suggestions.

http://www.capecodgravestones.com/easthampixweb/firenccove.html The two First Encounter Plaques. See photos and transcribed text from each.

GENERAL SOCIETY OF MAYFLOWER DESCENDANTS

Founded in 1897, The Mayflower Society, or General Society of Mayflower Descendants (GSMD), is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Our national headquarters is on the campus of the historic Mayflower Society House in downtown Plymouth, Massachusetts. Membership requires proof of lineage from one of the passengers who traveled to America on the Mayflower in 1620. Our educational mission includes telling the story of the Pilgrims as well as maintaining the highest standards possible for genealogy research into the lineage of the Pilgrims. We operate a genealogy research library at our Plymouth headquarters and publish the GSMD Silver Books, a series of genealogy books that follow the descendants of the Mayflower passengers.

The General Society of Mayflower Descendants, GSMD, is committed to research on the lineal descent of the Mayflower Pilgrims and education about the Pilgrims who travelled aboard the Mayflower in 1620. The Society provides education and understanding of why the Mayflower Pilgrims were important, how they shaped western civilization, and what their 1620 voyage and its impact on the world means today.

The gold standard for acceptance to the Society based on the first five generations. Available in the reference section at most large Public Libraries and available for purchase from the Society https://www.themayflowersociety.org/shop/books-publications/silver-. Stephen Hopkins is in Volume six. Descendants of Steven Hopkins of the Mayflower, "Mayflower Families Through Five Generations", volume six, "Hopkins", published by GSMD (various years-- Always research the newest edition because things change.) In 2017, Susan E. Roser was named the new researcher, to update and carry further to the 7th generation, the Stephen Hopkins Silver Book.

The 400th Anniversary of the Mayflower voyage is on the horizon!

2020 Commemoration Events and Mayflower Congress

The 400th Anniversary of the founding of Plymouth Colony will be a once-in-a-lifetime, unique experience for Mayflower descendants. With exciting, local commemoration events in the works and the General Society's 42nd Mayflower Congress in September, there will be many opportunities for descendants to participate.

PILGRIM HOPKINS HERITAGE SOCIETY

The Plymouth Colony Archive Project Plymouth Colony Division of Cattle, 1627 http://www.histarch.illinois.edu/plymouth/cattlediv.html

NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY

Must be a member to get Database results

The nation’s oldest continuously operating public museum, Pilgrim Hall Museum houses an unmatched collection of Pilgrim possessions telling the story of ordinary yet determined men and women building lives and homes for themselves and their children in a new world. .


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About Gov. Stephen Hopkins, signer of the "Declaration of Independence"

Stephen Hopkins (March 7, 1707 – July 13, 1785) was a governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Stephen Hopkins (politician) - Wikipedia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Hopkins_(politician)]

Signed the Declaration of Independence representing Rhode Island.

"Stephen Hopkins, another son of William Hopkins, was still more distinguished that his brother, the commodore. He was born March 7, 1707. But little is known of his early boyhood, but, doubtless, like his other brothers, he was early taught to labor on the farm. There were no schools in that early day, but his mother, it is said, was a woman of marked ability, and, no doubt, instructed him in many things. Stephen Hopkins married June 27, 1726, Sarah Scott, the youngest daughter of Major Sylvanus Scott of Providence. He was but nineteen years of age, and for the support of this newly-married couple, his father gave him seventy acres of land, and his grandfather, Thomas Hopkins, bestowed upon his 'loving grandson', as the will reads, an additional grant of ninety acres.

Four years after this marriage, or in 1730, the portion, now Scituate, was set off from Providence, and Stephen Hopkins, then only twenty-three years of age, was chosen its first moderator. Joseph Brown was chosen town clerk for the first year, an office which included the registration of deeds. Mr. Hopkins held this office the next year, and continued for ten consecutive years, when he resigned. The records of the town, as kept by him, are still preserved, and, for neatness and exactness, they have not been surpassed by any of his successors.

Mr. Hopkins removed to Providence in 1744, and purchased an estate on South Main Street, at the corner of what is now known as Hopkins Street, named after him. He engaged in commerce at Providence, but was soon called to fill important places in the State, as chief justice and governor, being appointed to the judgeship in 1739. Born and educated in Rhode Island, his whole life was spent within its boundaries, and in its early history, he stands forth pre-eminent as the representative of the people. It is to the honor of Scituate, and to the State, that they produced such a man as Stephen Hopkins. The existence of such a man, under such circumstances, may certify, as a volume of true history may declare, to the character of her settlers, and the influence of her institutions. He died July 13, 1778, and was buried in North Burying-ground at Providence, and there his grateful State has erected a monument to his memory, on which is inscribed, with other commendations, these words: 'His name is engraved on the immortal record of the Revolution, and can never die.' & quot

Stephen Hopkins (March 7, 1707 – July 13, 1785) was an American political leader from Rhode Island who signed the Declaration of Independence. He served as the Chief Justice and Royal Governor of the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and was a Delegate to the Colonial Congress in Albany in 1754 and to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776. Hopkins was also the first chancellor of the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (predecessor to Brown University) in conjunction with the presidency of the Reverend James Manning.

Stephen Hopkins (March 7, 1707 – July 13, 1785) was an American political leader from Rhode Island who signed the Declaration of Independence. He served as the Chief Justice and Governor of colonial Rhode Island and was a Delegate to the Colonial Congress in Albany in 1754 and to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776.

Hopkins was born in Providence, Rhode Island, the son of William and Ruth (Wilkinson) Hopkins. Hopkins' younger brother, Esek Hopkins, became the first commander in chief of the Continental Navy. He grew up on a farm in Scituate, Rhode Island and attended a public school. He moved back to Providence in 1742 and worked as a foundryman, merchant, ship owner, and surveyor.

At 19, he married Sarah Scott, with whom he would have seven children. Following her death, he would marry a widow named Anne Smith, but they would have no children together.

When Scituate Township separated from Providence in 1731, Hopkins plunged into politics. During the next decade, he held the following elective or appointive offices: moderator of the first town meeting of Scituate, town clerk, president of the town council, town solicitor, justice of the peace, justice and clerk of the Providence County Court of Common Pleas (in 1733, he became Chief Justice of that court).

He served in Rhode Island's colonial assembly (1732-1752, 1770-1775) and was its Speaker from 1738 to 1744, and again in 1749. In 1754, he represented Rhode Island at the Albany Congress in New York, where he and others considered Benjamin Franklin's early plan for uniting the colonies and arranging an alliance with the Indians, in view of the impending war with France. He was elected Governor of Rhode Island nine times (1755-1756, 1758-1761, 1763-1764, and 1767).

Hopkins spoke out against British tyranny long before the revolutionary period. In 1764 he published a pamphlet "The Rights of the Colonies Examined" whose broad distribution and criticism of taxation and Parliament built his reputation as a revolutionary leader.

In 1773, he freed his slaves, and the following year, while serving in the Rhode Island Assembly in 1774, he introduced a bill that prohibited the importation of slaves into the colony. This became one of the first anti-slavery laws in the new United States.

He led the colony's delegation to the Continental Congress later in 1774, along with Samuel Ward, and was a proud signer of the Declaration of Independence. He recorded his name with a trembling right hand, which he had to guide with his left. Hopkins had cerebral palsy, and was noted to have said, as he signed the Declaration, "My hand trembles, my heart does not." Hopkins is easily distinguishable in John Trumbull's famous painting as the gentleman standing in the back wearing a hat.

Stephen Hopkins house pictured in 1918Hopkins' knowledge of the shipping business made him particularly useful as a member of the naval committee established by Congress to purchase, outfit, man and operate the first ships of the new Continental Navy. Through his participation on that committee, Hopkins was instrumental in framing naval legislation and drafting the rules and regulations necessary to govern the fledgling organization during the American War for Independence. The first American naval squadron was launched on February 18, 1776. Hopkins used his influence to secure the position of commander in chief of the new navy for his brother Esek Hopkins, an appointment that proved to be unfortunate.

In September 1776, his poor health forced him to resign from the Continental Congress and return to his home in Rhode Island. From 1777 to 1779, Hopkins remained an active member of Rhode Island's general assembly.

Hopkins helped to found a subscription library, the Providence Library Company, in 1753, and was a member of the Philosophical Society of Newport. Although largely self-educated, Hopkins served as chancellor of Rhode Island College (now Brown University) from 1764 to 1785. His home, the Gov. Stephen Hopkins House, is now a U.S. National Historic Landmark.

Stephen Hopkins died at his home in Providence on July 13, 1785, at the age of 78 and is interred in the North Burial Ground there. The town of Hopkinton, Rhode Island, was later named after him.

Stephen, b Mar 7 1707, m Oct 9 1726, Sarah(+) Scott by whom he had 7 children, as follows:

1. Rufus, b Feb 10 1727-8, m Nov 11 1759, Sarah Olney,had a family. He was master of ship & ship owner also agent in managing Hope Furnace. Died in Scituate, RI.

2. John, b Nov 6 1728, was sea captain died of smallpox 1752 at St Andero in Spain while in his father's employ.

3. Ruth, b Oct 11 1731, died young.

4. Lydia, b Jan 6 1733, m in Providence left a large family.

5. Sylvanus, b Nov 30 1734, was commander of vessel, shipwrecked on island of Cape Breton, was surprised & barbarously murdered by Indians. Although but 18 yrs of age his skill as navigator was acknowledged by all who knew him. Tempest that burst upon his ship with such violence as to render aid of human skill & power unavailing, & caused his shipwreck has been vividly described by Falconer.

But striking upon the rocks the ship was dashed to pieces by the violence of the waves. Sylvanus reached shore alive only to meet a more horrid death by the hands of the savages. The following appears upon his tombstone in the North Burying ground in Providence:

In Memory of SYLVANUS, Son of Stephen Hopkins Esq, & Sarah his wife, Was cast away on Cape Breton shore & inhumanly Murdered by cruel savages on the 23th of Apr 1753. Aged 18 years, 5 mos, 23 days.

7. George, sea-captain, sailed from Port of Providence, & was never heard from! Thus perished the children of this immortal signer of the Declaration of Independence.

2. STEPHEN HOPKINS was the most distinguished public man of this generation. RI has never produced a man of more native ability, nor greater statesman. For more than 50 yrs he was a public officer, holding a variety of positions from town clerk of Scituate to member of 1st Congress. He was Governor of his native state 9 yrs, & 21 yrs Chancellor of RI College. When it is remembered that he never attended school, his attainments in scholastic lore become more remarkable & praiseworthy. His writings will bear theorical designation of neat in regard to style, & bespeak well-balanced & well cultivated mind endowed with high & noble impulses. Withal he was a patriot worthy of his age & country. His gravity was proverbial, & Whittier has honored him with the following notice:

In 1765, he commenced "History of the Plantations & Growth of Providence," but never completed the work. It is printed in MA Historical Collection, 2nd Series, Vol 9, p 197, et seq. In the same year he wrote & published by order of General Assembly of RI, a work entitled "Rights of Colonies Examined," which was reprinted in London. He held 3 honorable & important offices of Member of Assembly, Delegate to Congress, & Chief Justice of RI at the same time. He manumitted his slaves at an early period, & advocated universal freedom for human race regardless of color. Providence is indebted to him for its public library, & every enterprise which had for its object elevation & improvement of mankind received his hearty support.

He always attended the Quaker meeting, & among Signers of the Declaration of Independence he may be distinguished as being the only one with a hat on. In town records of Scituate, names & births of 4 of his children are found. His 1st wife died shortly after the death of son Sylvanus, & her tombstone bears the following inscription:

In Memory of SARAH, Wife of Stephen Hopkins, Esq Youngest daughter of Major Sylvanus Scott Departed this life, Sept. 9, 1753. Aged 46 years, 2 mos., 15 days.

He closed his eventful career, July 13, 1785, aged 78 yrs, 4 mos, 6 days, going down to the grave like a shock of corn fully ripe. He was prepared for the change by Divine grace, & died crowned with honor in the triumphs of the faith, & in the hope of a glorious resurrection, & a blissful immortality. His native state has erected a monument "in honor of her favorite son," & his memory is still cherished by an appreciating posterity.

Stephen Hopkins (Mar 7 1707–Jul 13 1785) was American political leader from RI who signed Declaration of Independence. He served as Governor of Colonial RI and was Delegate to Colonial Congress in Albany in 1754 & to Continental Congress 1774-1776.

Stephen was born in Providence, RI, only son of William & Ruth (Wilkinson) Hopkins. He grew up on a farm in Scituate, RI & attended public school. He moved back to Providence in 1742 & worked as a merchant, ship owner, & surveyor.

Hopkins helped to found a subscription library in 1754, & was member of Philosophical Society of Newport. Although largely self-educated Hopkins served as chancellor of RI College (now Brown Univ) 1764-1785. In 1764 he published pamphlet "Rights of Colonies Examined" whose broad distribution & criticism of taxation & parliament built his reputation as revolutionary leader.

Hopkins served in RI's Colonial Assembly (1732-1752, 1770-1775) & was its Speaker 1738-1744 & 1749. He represented RI at Albany Congress in 1754. He was elected Governor of RI 9 times (1755-1756, 1758-1761, 1763-1764, & 1767). He led the state's delegation to Continental Congress until Sep 1776, when his health forced him to resign the post.

While serving in RI Assembly in 1774 he introduced the bill that outlawed import of slaves to the Colony. This became one of the 1st anti-slavery laws in US.

Stephen died at his home in Providence Jul 13 1785 & is interred in North Burial Ground there. Town of Hopkinton, RI was later named after him.

Work: Speaker of RI Assembly, (c1750-2) Delegate to Albany Convention, 1754 Member of Continental Congress, 1774-78 Member of RI Legislature.

Stephen Hopkins was born in Scituate (then part of Providence), RI, 07 Mar 1707. He was apparently self-educated. He was member & speaker of RI Assembly, & in 1754 was delegate to Albany Convention in NY where he considered Franklin's early plan of Union. Hopkins spoke out against British tyranny long before revolutionary period. He attended 1st Continental Congress in 1774, & was party to Declaration of Independence in 1776. He left that congress in 1778 & returned to his native state to serve in its Legislature. He died 13 Jul 1785 at age 78.

Signer of Declaration of Independence from RI. Born in Providence, RI, grew up in Scituate, RI, son of a farmer. His mother was Quaker. For much of his life, Stephen was a Quaker, adopting their plain dress & many of their beliefs. He never attended school, but learned to read & write from his mother. When he wasn’t working on the farm, he would read history & law, his 2 favorite subjects. At 19 he married Sarah Scott, with whom he would have 7 children. Following her death, he would marry a widow named Anne Smith, but they would have no children together. At age 25, he was chosen to be Scituate’s Town Clerk, & would later serve in the RI Legislature. He founded a patriotic newspaper, the “Providence Gazette” & served as 1st chancellor of what is now Brown University. In 1755 he was elected Gov of RI. In 1764 Gov Hopkins wrote a pamphlet called “Rights of the Colonies Examined” in which he wrote that “Liberty is the greatest blessing that men enjoy,” & went on to explain that Britain could not govern colonies without people’s consent. These were strong words, especially from a colonial governor, but they made Hopkins a national figure. In 1771 he was appointed Chief Justice of Superior Court of RI. Next year, when Americans burned a British ship, Gaspee, off RI shore, shooting a British officer, Hopkins helped the culprits escape. This again made him popular in patriotic groups. In 1774, he was elected to 1st Continental Congress, & again in 1775, to 2nd Continental Congress. From the beginning, Hopkins supported the cause of independence. At 69 years old, he was the 2nd oldest delegate (after Benjamin Franklin), & when it came time to sign the Declaration of Independence, his hand began to tremble. He then used his left hand to guide his right hand while he made his signature, & then quipped to his fellow delegates, “My hand may tremble but my heart does not!” During the war, he served on the Navy committee, helping to establish the US Navy. In 1774, thanks to his efforts, RI became 1st state to outlaw importation of slaves. Stephen Hopkins died at his home in Providence, RI, in 1785, at age 78. (bio by Kit & Morgan Benson)

Burial: North Burial Ground, Providence, Providence Co, RI, USA

SOURCE: Lives of Signers to Declaration of Independence, 1829, Rev Charles A. Goodrich

Signed: Declaration of Independence

Stephen Hopkins was native of part of Providence now called Scituate, where he was born 07 Mar 1707. His parentage was very respectable, being a descendant of Benedict Arnold, 1st Gov of RI. [Not Benedict Arnold of Revolutionary War fame.] His early education was limited, being confined to instruction imparted in common schools of the country. Yet it is recorded he excelled in knowledge of penmanship, & in practical branches of mathematics, particularly surveying. For several yrs he followed profession of farmer. At an early period, he was elected town clerk of Scituate, & some time after was chosen representative from that town to Gen'l Assembly. He was subsequently appointed justice of peace, & justice of one of the courts of common pleas. In 1733, he became chief justice of that court. In 1742, he disposed of his estate in Scituate, & moved to Providence, where he erected a house, in which he continued to reside until his death. In this latter place he entered into mercantile business, & was extensively engaged in building & fitting out vessels. While representative from Scituate, he was elected speaker of House of Representatives. To this office he was again chosen after his move to Providence, & continued to occupy the station for several successive yrs, being a representative from the latter town. In 1751, he was chosen chief justice of Superior Court, in which office he continued until 1754. In this latter yr he was appointed commissioner from RI, to the celebrated convention which met at Albany which had for its object securing friendship of 5 nations of Indians, in the approaching French war, & union between several colonies of America. In 1756, he was elected chief magistrate of Colony of RI, which office he continued to hold, with but few intervals, until 1767. In discharge of duties of this responsible station, he acted with dignity & decision. Prosperity of his country lay near his heart. He did not hesitate to propose & support measures, which appeared best calculated to promote interests of Colonies in opposition to encroachments of British power. At an early period of difficulties between Colonies & Great Britain, he took active & decided part in favor of the former. In pamphlet, entitled, "Rights of Colonies Examined," he exposed injustice of Stamp Act, & various other acts of British government. This pamphlet was published by order of Gen'l Assembly in 1765. Siege of Ft William Henry by Marquis de Montcalm, 1767, & its surrender to force under that general, with subsequent cruel outrages & murders committed by savages of the French army, are too well known to need recital in this place. It is necessary only to state, greatest excitement prevailed throughout all the colonies. In this excitement, inhabitants of RI largely participated. Agreement was entered into by volunteer corps, couched in following terms:

"Whereas the British colonies in America are invaded by a large army of French and Indian enemies, who have already possessed themselves of fort William Henry, and are now on their march to penetrate further into the country, and from whom we have nothing to expect, should they succeed in their enterprise, but death and devastation and as his majesty's principal officers in the parts invaded, have in the most pressing and moving manner, called on all his majesty's faithful subjects, for assistance to defend the country:-Therefore, we, whose names are underwritten, thinking it our duty to do every thing in our power, for the defence [sic] of our liberties, families, and property, are willing, and have agreed to enter voluntarily into the service of our country, and go in a warlike manner against the common enemy and hereby call upon, and invite all our neighbours, who have families and property to defend, to join with us in this undertaking, promising to march as soon as we are two hundred and fifty in number, recommending ourselves and our cause to the favourable protection of Almighty God."

To this agreement, Hopkins was 1st to affix his name, & chosen to command company thus raised, which consisted of most distinguished men in Providence. Preparations for speedy departure for field of action were made, but on eve of their march, intelligence arrived that their services were no longer necessary, as progress of hostilities towards the south was not to be expected.

In 1774, Hopkins received appointment of delegate from RI to the celebrated congress, which met at Philadelphia that yr. In this assembly he took his seat 1st day of the session, where he became one of most zealous advocates of measures adopted by that illustrious body of men.

In 1775 & 1776, he again represented RI in the Continental Congress. In this latter yr he had the honor of affixing his name to imperishable instrument, which declared Colonies to be free, sovereign, & independent states. He recorded his name with trembling hand, the only instance in which tremulous hand is visible among 56 patriots who wrote their names. But it was in this case only the flesh that was weak. Hopkins had for some time been afflicted with a paralytic affection, which compelled him, when he wrote, to guide his right hand with his left. The spirit of the man knew no fear, in a case where life & liberty were at hazard. In 1778, Hopkins was delegate to Congress for last time. But in several subsequent yrs, he was member of Gen'l Assembly of RI. Last year in which he thus served, was 1779, at which time he was 72 yrs of age. Hopkins lived to 13 Jul 1785, when he closed his long & honorable & useful life, at advanced age of 78. His last illness was long, but to the period of his dissolution, he retained full possession of his faculties. Vast assemblage of persons, consisting of judges of courts, president, professors & students of the college, together with citizens of the town, & inhabitants of the state, followed the remains of this eminent man to his resting place in the grave. Although early education of Hopkins was limited, vigor of his understanding enabled him to surmount his early deficiencies, & assiduous application to pursuit of knowledge, at length, placed him among distinguished literary characters of the day. He delighted in literature & science. He was attentive to books, & close observer of mankind thus he went on improving, until his death. As public speaker, he was always clear, precise, pertinent, & powerful.

As mathematician, Hopkins greatly excelled. Until in advanced age, he was extensively employed in surveying land. He was distinguished for great exactness in his calculations, & unusual knowledge of his business. As statesman & patriot, he was not less distinguished. He was well instructed in science of politics had extensive knowledge of rights of his country, & proved himself, through longer life than falls to lot of most men, unshaken friend of his country, & enemy to civil & religious intolerance. He went to his grave honored as skillful legislator, righteous judge, able representative, ignited & upright governor. Charity was an inmate of his habitation. To the cry of suffering his ear was ever open, & in relief of affliction he ever delighted. In 1763, The Reverend James Manning, a Baptist minister and an alumnus of the College of New Jersey (predecessor to today's Princeton University), was sent to Rhode Island by the Philadelphia Association of Baptist Churches in order to found a college.[1] Providence Plantations, having been the colony founded by Baptist exile and church founder, Roger Williams in the 1630s. At the same time, local Congregationalists, led by future Yale College president Ezra Stiles, were working toward a similar end. The inaugural board meeting of the Corporation of the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island & Providence Plantations was held in the Old Colony House in Newport, Rhode Island. Former Royal Governors of Rhode Island under King George III Stephen Hopkins and Samuel Ward as well as leading Baptists the Reverend Isaac Backus and the Reverend Samuel Stillman were among those who played an instrumental role in Brown's foundation and later became American revolutionaries.

Stephen Hopkins (March 7, 1707 – July 13, 1785) was a governor of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, a Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. From a prominent Rhode Island family, Hopkins was a grandson of William Hopkins who served the colony for 40 years as Deputy, Assistant, Speaker of the House of Deputies, and Major. His great grandfather, Thomas Hopkins, was an original settler of Providence, sailing from England in 1635 with his first cousin, Benedict Arnold, who became the first governor of the Rhode Island colony under the Royal Charter of 1663.

Stephen Hopkins Found 10 Records, 7 Photos and 2,568,965 Family Trees Born in Scitute R I Mar on 9 Mar 1707 to William Hopkins and Abigail Whipple.


Hopkins, Stephen - History

From Martha Mitchell’s Encyclopedia Brunoniana:

Hopkins, Stephen

Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785), first chancellor of the College, was born in Providence on March 7, 1707. He moved to Scituate as a child and engaged in farming there until he returned to live in Providence in 1742. He began his life of public service in Scituate in 1730 at the age of 23, when he was chosen Town Moderator when Scituate was set off from Providence. He served as town clerk from 1732 to 1741 and president of the town council from 1735 to 1742. He was a member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives from 1732 to 1752 and from 1770 to 1775. He was chief justice of the court of common pleas and chief justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, and was elected nine times as governor of Rhode Island between 1755 and 1768. His terms as governor alternated with those of Samuel Ward, the two men continuously vying for the office as representatives of their respective cities, Providence and Newport, both of which served as capital cities of the colony. Hopkins was a delegate to the Colonial Congress in Albany in 1754, the Colonial Congress in Boston in 1757, a member of the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He has been quoted as stating decisively that the time had come “when the strongest arm and the longest sword must decide the contest, and those members who were not prepared for action had better go home.” John Adams, who served with Hopkins on the naval committee, remembered him thus in his autobiography:

In 1742 Hopkins built a small unpretentious house on Town Street (later South Main Street) at the corner of Bank Lane. The house still stands, having been moved in 1809 up the hill on Bank Lane, which was renamed Hopkins Street. Legend has it that when George Washington was passing through Providence on his way from Cambridge to Long Island, he was expected to stop at the home of Hopkins, who was away attending Congress. Neighbors offered Hopkins’ daughter-in-law Ruth, who was at home, fine china and silver with which to entertain Washington, but she declined with the remark that what was good enough for Stephen Hopkins was surely good enough for General Washington.

Hopkins became a Quaker at the time of his second marriage in 1755. He engaged in the surveying of land all his life, and was one of the gentlemen, including Joseph Brown and Benjamin West, who observed the transit of Venus on June 3, 1769. He died in Providence on July 13, 1785, and is memorialized by a monument which notes his personal qualities:

The above entry appears in Encyclopedia Brunoniana by Martha Mitchell, copyright 1993 by the Brown University Library. It is used here by permission of the author and the University and may not be copied or further distributed without permission.


Stephen Hawking

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Stephen Hawking, i sin helhet Stephen William Hawking, (born January 8, 1942, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England—died March 14, 2018, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire), English theoretical physicist whose theory of exploding black holes drew upon both relativity theory and quantum mechanics. He also worked with space-time singularities.

When was Stephen Hawking born?

Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942.

When did Stephen Hawking die?

Stephen Hawking died on March 14, 2018.

Where did Stephen Hawking get his education?

Stephen Hawking received a bachelor’s degree in physics from University College, Oxford, in 1962 and a doctorate in physics from Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 1966.

What was Stephen Hawking famous for?

Stephen Hawking worked on the physics of black holes. He proposed that black holes would emit subatomic particles until they eventually exploded. He also wrote best-selling books, the most famous of which was A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes (1988).

Hawking studied physics at University College, Oxford (B.A., 1962), and Trinity Hall, Cambridge (Ph.D., 1966). He was elected a research fellow at Gonville and Caius College at Cambridge. In the early 1960s Hawking contracted amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, an incurable degenerative neuromuscular disease. He continued to work despite the disease’s progressively disabling effects.

Hawking worked primarily in the field of general relativity and particularly on the physics of black holes. In 1971 he suggested the formation, following the big bang, of numerous objects containing as much as one billion tons of mass but occupying only the space of a proton. These objects, called mini black holes, are unique in that their immense mass and gravity require that they be ruled by the laws of relativity, while their minute size requires that the laws of quantum mechanics apply to them also. In 1974 Hawking proposed that, in accordance with the predictions of quantum theory, black holes emit subatomic particles until they exhaust their energy and finally explode. Hawking’s work greatly spurred efforts to theoretically delineate the properties of black holes, objects about which it was previously thought that nothing could be known. His work was also important because it showed these properties’ relationship to the laws of classical thermodynamics and quantum mechanics.

Hawking’s contributions to physics earned him many exceptional honours. In 1974 the Royal Society elected him one of its youngest fellows. He became professor of gravitational physics at Cambridge in 1977, and in 1979 he was appointed to Cambridge’s Lucasian professorship of mathematics, a post once held by Isaac Newton. Hawking was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1982 and a Companion of Honour in 1989. He also received the Copley Medal from the Royal Society in 2006 and the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009. In 2008 he accepted a visiting research chair at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

His publications included The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time (1973 coauthored with G.F.R. Ellis), Superspace and Supergravity (1981), The Very Early Universe (1983), and the best sellers A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes (1988), The Universe in a Nutshell (2001), A Briefer History of Time (2005), and The Grand Design (2010 coauthored with Leonard Mlodinow).

Redaktörerna för Encyclopaedia Britannica Denna artikel har senast reviderats och uppdaterats av John P. Rafferty, redaktör.


“Slavery [is] the heaviest curse that human nature is capable of.”

– Governor Stephen Hopkins, The Rights of the Colonies Examined, 1764. 10

Stephen Hopkins owned at least seven slaves during his life, attested in his two wills: Adam, Bonner, Fibbo, Primus, Priamus, Prince and St. Jago. 11 Hopkins for decades resisted pressure and threats of expulsion from his Quaker ‘brethren’ to free his slaves. He only finally relented in 1772 to free one slave, St. Jago. 12 This slave is almost certainly the same “St. Jago Hopkins” listed as a sailor aboard the privateer Koltrast ten years earlier in 1762 during the French and Indian War. 13 As a slave, St. Jago’s earnings would be owned by his master, Stephen Hopkins. However, it is unknown if this particular person was old and of little monetary value by 1772 when he was freed. Freeing an elderly slave without a bond would be greatly to the advantage of Hopkins, freeing him from the financial burden of supporting a slave in old age, a practice mandated by most towns.

Despite this one manumission, the other Quakers still pestered Hopkins. One year later, after refusing to free a female slave, he was finally disowned by the Society of Friends. Of course the Quakers, for a century among the most avid slave-traders in Rhode Island, often continued to own slaves by skirting the intent of Quaker mandates. Hopkins seemed unfazed, and though excluded from Quaker business meetings, continued to worship at the Friends Meetinghouse without impediment until his death. 14

For yet another decade he refused to free his slaves, right up through his death in 1785. Even after his death, his non-adult slaves were not to be freed until they were adults, and until then were to continue serving his family members.

“[Upon my decease] to all my Negroes their freedom to take place immediately with respect to those who shall be of age and of the others the males at twenty one and the females at eighteen years of age.” 15


Titta på videon: STEPHEN HAWKING - Draw My Life (Juli 2022).


Kommentarer:

  1. Kazrakazahn

    Kontoret skriver, saker går ... =)

  2. Connla

    Ja abstrakt tänkande

  3. Daile

    Kort sagt, det är tydligt

  4. Brothaigh

    Vilka ord... Jättebra, en magnifik tanke

  5. Leveret

    Det är synd att jag inte kan delta i diskussionen nu. Det räcker inte med information. Men med nöje kommer jag att titta på detta tema.

  6. Rawson

    det är inte så enkelt

  7. Yozshutaxe

    Jag är också orolig för den här frågan. Berätta var kan jag läsa om detta?



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